Editor's note

Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932

The Brazilian Revolution of 1930 marks the end of the First Brazilian Republic by preventing the inauguration of President-elect Júlio Prestes and installing Getúlio Vargas as President of Brazil. In 1932, São Paulo’s Paulistas lead an armed uprising against Vargas’ provisional government, demanding a new constitution to overhaul the political system, expand social rights, and implement a functioning democracy. On July 9, the Constitutionalist Revolution breaks out, turning São Paulo into a battlefield. The country holds new elections in 1933 and drafts a new constitution the following year. São Paulo’s American community backs the uprising, helps the wounded, and organizes a commission that collaborates with various Red Cross initiatives.

The Good Neighbor Policy

The Good Neighbor Policy is launched during the Pan American Conference in Montevideo, Uruguay, under Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration. The policy, which bolsters political, cultural, and economic ties between the US and Latin American countries, lasts until 1945.